Republic Day (India)
The full name of India is Sovereign Socialist Secular Democratic Democracy. India Republic Day or Republic Day is celebrated on 6 January 1950, for the rule of India , 1935, the Government of India Act, instead of the Indian Constitution, the same event to commemorate. It is a national day in India . With the enactment of the Constituent Assembly Constitution of India on January 26, 1950, India became a democratic state.
Exactly two months before its enactment , the Constitution of India was approved by the Constituent Assembly on 26 November 1949 . January 26 was chosen as the day for the enactment of the Constitution because on the same day in 1930 AD, the resolution for full independence was declared and adopted by the Indian National Congress .
This day is one of the three national days of India . The other two national days are Independence Day and Gandhi Jayanti respectively . On this day various events are organized all over India. The central parade is held on the streets of New Delhi . The President of India is present on the occasion.
|Significance||Inception of Constitution of India|
|Celebrations||Parades, distribution of sweets in schools, speeches and cultural dances|
History[edit | hide all | hide | edit source]
President Rajendra Prasad (in a horse-drawn carriage) prepares to take part in the first Republic Day parade on the streets of New Delhi, 1950. India was liberated from British rule on 15 August 1947 as a result of a long independence movement. A special feature of this freedom movement was the almost non-violent non-cooperation movement led by Mahatma Gandhi and the lawlessness movement . The process of gaining independence was completed with the passage of the Indian Independence Act in the UK Parliament. As a result, British India broke into the Commonwealth of Nations under the dominion as the two independent states of India and Pakistan was born. Although India became independent on 15 August 1947, he remained the head of state George VI and Lord Louis Mountbatten were its Governor-General. Even then there was no permanent constitution in the country; The country was governed by making some changes in the law of colonial India. On 28 August 1947, a drafting committee was formed to draft a permanent constitution. The chairman of this committee was Bhimrao Ramji Ambedkar. On 4th November 1947, the committee prepared a draft constitution and submitted it to the Constituent Assembly. Before the final adoption of the constitution, the Constituent Assembly convened 18 times to discuss the draft constitution in a span of 2 years, 11 months and 16 days. The public had the right of access to all these sessions. After the adoption of the Constitution of Independent India on 26 November 1949, it was decided that the Constitution of India would come into force on 26 January 1950 in honor of the first Independence Day on 26 January 1930 and would be known as the Republic of India. After much debate and some amendments, on 24 January 1950, 308 members of the Constituent Assembly signed two handwritten documents (one in English and the other in Hindi) of the final constitution. Two days later, the constitution came into force across the country.
Celebration[edit | hide | edit source]
The main event of the Republic Day celebrations was held in front of the President of India , in the national capital New Delhi . On this day a stylish parade is held in the streets which is dedicated to the state of India.
On the 75th Republic Day 2014, the Maharashtra government organized its own parade along Marine Drive in imitation of the first Delhi Republic Day parade .
Republic Day parade in New Delhi On the occasion of Republic Day, a procession was held in the national capital, New Delhi, from Raisina Hill, near the Rashtrapati Bhavan , the residence of the President, across the India Gate along the highway . Before the parade began, the President laid a wreath at the Immortal Jawan Jyoti , a memorial for the martyred soldiers at the India Gate at the end of the highway . After that a 2 minute silence was observed for those soldiers. This is how tributes are paid to the martyred soldiers in defending India's sovereignty in the independence movement and its aftermath. The President then met with other dignitaries and came to the main stage of the ceremony on the highway with the chief guest. President's bodyguards He guided them on horseback.
Bitim ritrita[edit | hide | edit source]
The Beating Retreat marks the official end of Republic Day celebrations. Three days after Republic Day, the Beating Retreat was held on the evening of January 29th. The three main branches of the Indian Army , the Indian Army , the Indian Navy and the Indian Air Force , took part in the retreat. The event took place at Raisina Hill and Vijay Chowk, between the North Block and South Block buildings of the Central Secretariat and Rashtrapati Bhavan at the end of the highway .The chief guest of the function was the President of India , who was guided by the cavalry 'PBG' (President's Bodyguards / Presidential Bodyguard). When he arrived, the PBG commander instructed his troops to give a national salute. After that the national anthem of India was sung by the military . Along with this music, the musicians of various bands, pipes, trumpets, etc. of the combined land, water and air forces also performed patriotic songs like Surrey Jaha Se Achcha etc. at the end of the program .