Kadambini Ganguly (Bengali: কাদম্বিনী গাঙ্গুলি; 18 July 1861 – 3 October 1923) was one of the first two female graduates in British India and the first female physician in South Asia to be educated in European medicine. In the late nineteenth century, she earned a degree in Western medicine and, along with Anandibai Joshi, became one of the earliest female physicians in India.
18 July 1861
3 October 1923 (aged 62)|
University of Calcutta
Calcutta Medical College
(m. 1883; died 1898)
Biography[edit | hide all | hide | edit source]
Kadambini, the daughter of Brahmo reformer Brajkishore Basu, was born on 16 July 181 in Bhagalpur, Bihar. Her original home was in present-day Bangladesh Chandshi of Barisal. Her father was the headmaster of Bhagalpur school. Brajkishore Bose along with Abhaycharan Mallick campaigned for women's rights in Bhagalpur. They established the women's organization Bhagalpur Mahila Samiti in 183 AD. This incident was the first in India. Kadambini started her education at the Hindu Mahila Vidyalaya holding the hand of Dwarkanath and her friend Kadambini's great-grandfather Manmohan. Once upon a time, Kadambini saved the life of Dwarkanath's polio-infected son Satish by washing his head during a fever. Mahendra Lal Sarkar, the then famous doctor, also praised her intelligence for this. Kadambini was quite interested in other things besides schooling. While in school, she became the first woman in 18 to pass the entrance examination of Calcutta University in the second class. Influenced by her, Bethune College first f. A (First Arts) and then other undergraduate classes. Kadambini and Chandra Mukhi Bose was the first graduate of Bethune College in 183 AD. They passed BA. She was the first female graduate of India and the entire British Empire.
After graduating, Kadambini Devi decided that she would study medicine. After entering medical college in 183, he married his teacher Dwarkanath Ganguly. Dwarkanath was known as a famous social reformer and philanthropist journalist. Kadambini, a 39-year-old widow, was 21 when she married. Kadambini passed all the written subjects in the final examination but failed in an important subject in practice. In 18 AD he was conferred the degree of GBMC (Graduate of Bengal Medical College). She was the first Indian woman to be allowed to practice in Western medicine. While studying in medical college, she received a government scholarship which was Rs. 20 per month.
After studying in medical college for five years, before moving to Britain, in 18 AD, she worked for a while at Lady Dufferin Women's Hospital for 300 rupees a month. In 1895, Rajmata went to Nepal for treatment. Kadambini was one of the first six women to be elected to the fifth session of the Congress in Bombay in 189. The following year he addressed the sixth session of the Calcutta Congress. Kadambini was the first female speaker of Congress. Kadambini was the first president of the Transvaal Indian Association founded by Gandhiji's colleague Henry Pollock and was a member of the Women's Conference held in Calcutta in 1906. In 1914 she presided over the session of General Brahmo Samaj in Calcutta. This session was organized in honor of Mahatma Gandhi. Kadambini was aware of the exploitation of tea garden workers and she supported the view of her husband who condemned the practice of exploiting tea garden workers in Assam. Kadambini Devi, along with poet Kamini Roy, was appointed by the government in 1922 to investigate the plight of women workers in Bihar and Orissa.
Social barriers[edit | hide | edit source]
Shee was attacked by Hindu conservative society. In 1891, the conservative Bengali newspaper Bangabasi indirectly addressed him in bad language. Kadambini won by filing a case against him. Mahesh Chandra Pal, the editor of Bangabasi, was fined Rs 100 and jailed for six months.
Personal life[edit | hide | edit source]
Being the mother of eight children, she also had to spend a lot of time with the family. He was also skilled in embroidery. The famous American historian David Coff  wrote, "Ganguly's wife Kadambini was the most successful and independent Brahmin woman of her time. She was ahead of other Brahmin and Christian women in Bengali society at that time. Talking about women's rights in Brahmo Samaj is a source of inspiration to the community. "
Death[edit | hide | edit source]
On October 3, 1923, Kadambini Bose Gangopadhyay died of a heart attack on his way home from an operation.